OP4RE in New Tank Exclusif
Category : Dissemination
Silvester Draaijer and Daniel Haven comment on online proctoring of remote examinations, as a tool for long-term change and the OP4RE-project in News Tank Exclusif.
The Erasmus+OP4RE research project is dedicated to studying the deployment of remote examination monitoring solutions. “This European consortium makes it possible to move the boundaries: we create documentation on practices for institutions and the professionals concerned.”
Silvester frames the origin of the project. “OP4RE is an Erasmus+ project which started in 2016. Its objective is to use technological advances to improve citizens’ access to higher education and to seek to modernise education and training. In this sense, remote monitoring of exams helps to improve access to a wide variety of targets for existing and potential students, by providing them with opportunities to study from a distance and take their exams from a distance. This is the concept of “any time, anywhere” for taking an exam.”
Proctor Exam was involved in this project from the beginning. Other members, forming the strategic board of this project, are, : the Free University of Amsterdam, the Erasmus University of Rotterdam, University of Hertfordshire, Hasselt University, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Wilhelm Büchner University of Applied Sciences, FIED (Fédération interuniversitaire d’enseignement à distance), in addition to 20 Associate Partners from across Europe.
The project is still in the experimental stage. Several countries are developing initiatives on the subject to meet a need that is identified and awaiting a response.
Daniel Haven states: “Quite clearly, the countries with the most advanced markets are those where a company offering a remote test monitoring service is located. We see this with the example of the Netherlands, but it is also the case with Spain, which has Smowl. A company that is present works the market, informs it of trends and pursues a communication logic to support the structuring of the offer. In France, it is a little different, it is the FIED that plays this role.”
ProctorExam is the only Edtech company that is a strategic partner of the European consortium OP4RE. It’s Daniel’s opinion that the market is facing the need to build its long-term vision to take into account digital transformation.
It costs 10€ to have a supervisor supervise one hour of a student’s exam. Therefore, justifying your investment for mass use is difficult. Don’t you think that remote monitoring of exams is destined to remain in a niche market? Silvester Draaijer: “This is a question that was raised in our working group, even if OP4RE does not have the solution to answer this problem in the immediate future, because it also depends on market players.”
What about fraud? In Silvester Draaijer’s opinion, remote monitoring of exams is more fraud-resistant than traditional monitoring, due to the control process itself. The simultaneous recording of the various video channels, including that of the student’s computer screen, makes it possible to ensure that the candidate’s activity is recorded during and after the test.
A potential barrier concerns confidentiality in the processing of personal data. This is the subject of the group’s working seminar in Paris, on 05/10/2018. “Remote monitoring creates the processing of personal and sensitive data that must be analysed and monitored. It is in this sense that we will work with these specialists in the subject, who themselves are in contact with the Cnil. Imagine all the scenarios used to define the processing operations. We also invited a consultant from PricewaterhouseCoopers, who specializes in data legislation. The work on impact assessments under the DGPS should make it possible to standardise practices in the European Union, bearing in mind that we must also take into account certain legal provisions that are specific to each Member State because of the margin left since the entry into law of the European Regulation.
Another working issue for OP4RE concerns data transit situations between countries within and outside the EU, or with students from outside Europe. At the moment, we must imagine all the possible scenarios of use in order to define the approach to take as precisely as possible.”
Within the European consortium it is possible to develop new boundaries and to create documentation on practices for institutions and the professionals concerned.